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Vitreo Retina


A wide variety of conditions which may affects the vitreous & retina which will lie on the back part of eye which are not immediately visible. Like diabetic retinopathy, macular holes, macular degeneration, retinal tears or detachments, eye cancer, retinopathy of prematurity, retinoblastoma, uveitis, flashes & floaters & retinitis pigmentosa.
Retina is a light sensitive film present at the back part of the eye. The image was perceived here & transmitted to the brain with the help of optic nerve. The vitreous is a clear gel that will fills the back part of the eye.
Diseases to the retina can affect any age group. Premature infants may also affected by a disease called - ROP (Retinopathy of pre-maturity). Heredity & age related degenerations may affect the retina - particularly the central most sensitive part of the retina is called 'macula'. The retina may detach from the back portion of the eye - this condition is called 'Retinal Detachment'. The Vitreous gel may become opaque because of blood - this condition is called 'Vitreous hemorrhage'. This condition may occur in diabetics following injury & in other conditions also.
Retinal & vitreous surgery address problems like Retinal Detachment & Intraocular Infection. Retinal & vitreous problems will cause severe loss of the vision or even blindness. In certain cases, surgery will be beneficial; if it was done at the right time.This prevents severe loss of vision. Most of the serious retinal problems which require surgery were caused by problems with the vitreous.

Authored by Dr.S Tony Fernandez

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