Membranectomy is also called as macular pucker or cellophane retinopathy, epiretinal membrane (ERM) involves growth of the membrane across retina, which interferes with central vision by distorting central retina. ERM is generally related with other disorders like previous retinal tears, branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), retinal detachment, uveitis, & central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). People with clear ERM will receive an epiretinal membrane peeling technique called as membranectomy.
Some disorders sometimes related with the ERMs which includes previous retinal detachments & related surgery, branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), inflammatory conditions (uveitis), retinal tears & central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).

You may need a membranectomy if:

  • Clearly presence of epiretinal membrane.
  • You experience problems like vision distortions or substantially reduction of vision because of ERM.
  • Doctor will help you to decide if epiretinal membrane peeling method is suitable for you or not. But the decision will be based on the extent of the preoperative vision loss & distortions.


  • The ERM peeling method begins with the vitrectomy.
  • The vitreoretinal surgeon will use very extremely fine forceps, under a high magnification, to grasp & gently peel away the membrane from retina.
  • Diamond-dusted instruments may be used which helps to remove the membrane. Precision is key, because this method may very well be the most delicate surgery that is done on the human eye.
  • Generally a few small sutures were used to close the incisions in the eye usually these don't require removal.

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